Lissencephaly sign now

LISSENCEPHALY
What is X-linked lissencephaly?
X-linked lissencephaly is a condition of abnormal brain development that mainly affects males, though females may be mildly affected. Normally the exterior of the brain (cerebral cortex) is multi-layered with folds and grooves. People with lissencephaly have an abnormally smooth brain with fewer folds and grooves. This abnormality can cause severe mental retardation and developmental delay, seizures, abnormal muscle stiffness (spasticity), weak muscle tone (hypotonia), and feeding difficulties. People without any folds in the brain (agyria) typically have more severe symptoms.

There are at least two forms of X-linked lissencephaly. The first is characterized by lissencephaly only, and usually involves no other parts of the body. The second is lissencephaly with abnormal (ambiguous) genitalia. This form of X-linked lissencephaly is typically more severe, with seizures often beginning within the first day of life, and sometimes even before birth. In addition, affected males can have an unusually small penis (micropenis), undescended testes (cryptorchidism), or external genitalia that do not look clearly male or clearly female (ambiguous genitalia). Males with this form of X-linked lissencephaly also can show a lack of development (agenesis) of the tissue connecting the left and right halves of the brain (corpus callosum), low body temperature (hypothermia), and chronic diarrhea.

How common is X-linked lissencephaly?
The overall incidence of lissencephaly is estimated to be 1 in 85,000 individuals. The incidence of males with X-linked lissencephaly is unknown.

What genes are related to X-linked lissencephaly?
X-linked lissencephaly is caused by a mutation in either the DCX gene or the ARX gene. Mutations in the DCX gene cause isolated lissencephaly, which typically does not involve any other parts of the body. Mutations in the ARX gene can cause X-linked lissencephaly with ambiguous genitalia and other associated health issues. Both genes provide instructions for producing proteins that play a role in the development of the brain. The DCX protein, doublecortin, plays a role in the migration of nerve cells (neurons) to their proper location in the developing brain. The ARX protein is involved in the regulation of other genes that contribute to brain development. The ARX protein is also found in the pancreas and testes.

X-linked lissencephaly is seen primarily in males. Most females with a DCX mutation have a milder brain disorder called subcortical band heterotopia, or doublecortex. Females with an ARX mutation usually have some degree of mental retardation, epilepsy, and agenesis of the corpus callosum.

Read more about the ARX and DCX genes.

How do people inherit X-linked lissencephaly?
This condition is inherited in an X-linked dominant pattern. The gene associated with this condition is located on the X chromosome, which is one of the two sex chromosomes. In females (who have two X chromosomes), a mutation in one of the two copies of the gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder. In males (who have only one X chromosome), a mutation in the only copy of the gene in each cell causes the disorder. In most cases, males experience more severe symptoms of the disorder than females. A striking characteristic of X-linked inheritance is that fathers cannot pass X-linked traits to their sons.

In some cases, an affected person inherits the mutation from one affected parent. Other cases may result from new mutations in the gene. These cases occur in people with no history of the disorder in their family.

ABOVE IS THE DEFINITION OF A HANDICAP THAT AFFECTS MILLIONS THAT OUR GOVERNMENT NEITHER KNOWS FULLY ABOUT OR HAS TURNED A BLIND EYE TO.
INSURANCE COMPANIES DO NOT "PAY" FOR THIS DISABILITY AS THEY DO FOR AUTISM AND ANY OTHER FORMS OF DISABILITIES.
THOSE WHO SUFFER FROM THIS DISEASE (WITH ITS MANY LEVELS) AND THEIR FAMILIES HAVE AN UP HILL BATTLE TO DEAL WITH THE DAILY STRESS CAUSED BY THIS DISABILITY AND ARE EMOTIONALLY DRAINED. MANY CHILDREN WITH THIS DISABILITY ARE LUCKY TO GET PAST AGE 2 AND THE LONGEST KNOWN CASE THE MAXIMUM AGE WAS 24.
WE NEED THIS PETITION TO MAKE THE GOVERNMENT AWARE SO THAT THERE IS FUNDING FOR RESEARCH AND TO MAKE AWARE THAT THE INSURANCE COMPANIES NEED TO TREAT THIS LIKE ANY OTHER DISABILITY.
MANY FAMILIES NEED HELP WITH THIS AND ARE DOING IT ALL BY THEMSELVES!!!
IT COULD HAPPEN TO THE BEST OF FAMILIES!!!
PLEASE SIGN THIS PETITION SO WE CAN BEGIN TO HELP OUR CHILDREN AND OUR CHILDREN'S CHILDREN.

THANK YOU AND GOD BLESS



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Goal
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Latest Signatures

  • 30 December 2015150. Kevin G
    LISTEN,LEARN, ACT !!!!!!!!!!!!!! ADDRESS, ZIPCODE WIGAN USERS TINGLER
  • 17 December 2015149. Elaine M
    I support this petition
  • 16 November 2015148. Portia Glover
    I have a daughter who is 23 months old with lissencephaly ADDRESS, ZIPCODE 2601 w. claremont st.#2040 phoenix az 85017 USERS 85017
  • 13 November 2015147. Sandra S
    I support this petition
  • 26 October 2015146. Erin O
    I support this petition
  • 18 October 2015145. Kate B
    I support this petition
  • 09 October 2015144. Katherine L
    My 15-month-old daughter, Anabelle Rose, is afflicted with lissencephaly ADDRESS, ZIPCODE 1309 Grace Road, 19081 USERS Katherine Linzey
  • 30 September 2015143. Charles G
    For my grandson Alec ADDRESS, ZIPCODE 92058 USERS Papa
  • 15 September 2015142. Lisa W
    For my son who has lissencephaly ADDRESS, ZIPCODE Rutherford, NSW,2320, Australia USERS Lisa
  • 05 September 2015141. Rachel M
    В ADDRESS, ZIPCODE 1882 FM 1185 Lockhart Texas 78644 USERS rachel moore
  • 29 August 2015140. Candace B
    I support this petition
  • 27 August 2015139. Tasha S
    I support this petition
  • 23 August 2015138. Jude M
    I support this petition
  • 09 August 2015137. Andrea Ml
    I support this petition
  • 06 August 2015136. Theo V
    I support this petition
  • 03 August 2015135. Stacy M
    I dont have a child with this condition but a good friend of mines son is affected by it. i hope u get this to the attention of everybody who can help these children no child should have to suffer for such petty reasons or any reason for that matter ADDR
  • 27 July 2015134. Brandon D
    signed in support of Camren Moore living in Lancaster, PA ADDRESS, ZIPCODE 2450 Westside Drive, 14514 USERS not sure what is mean by users
  • 19 July 2015133. Michael K
    I support this petition
  • 06 July 2015132. Scott As
    I support this petition
  • 28 June 2015131. David C
    I support this petition
  • 19 June 2015130. Patricia C
    For all the Liss kids ADDRESS, ZIPCODE 101 Orchard St. 1st flr. Ellington, Ct. 06029 USERS Patti
  • 11 June 2015129. Stacey D
    I support this petition
  • 28 May 2015128. Angie T
    Stephen Tucker 9/6/1997-11/6/2003 ADDRESS, ZIPCODE 5803 Taunton Court, 76018 USERS angiemtucker
  • 22 May 2015127. Shawn M
    haylee has band heterotopia ADDRESS, ZIPCODE 502 hightower trail jefferson,ga.30549 USERS shawn
  • 09 May 2015126. Tina Md
    I support this petition
  • 15 April 2015125. Jennifer J
    I support this petition
  • 27 March 2015124. Heather B
    I support this petition

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Shari BarryBy:
SportIn:
Petition target:
U.S. Congress

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